Transportation Management Tools
Rising incomes in some gentrifying TRNs may be accompanied by an increase in wealthier households who are more likely to own and use private vehicles, and less likely to use transit for commuting, than lower-income households. Policy tools can be used to shape travel behavior by residents of transit-rich neighborhoods, promoting walking, biking and transit use and discouraging driving. One critical strategy for achieving these objectives is ensuring that TRNs are designed to be transit- and pedestrian-friendly. Other transportation management tools should also be adopted, particularly those which will:
Attract core and potential transit riders to transit-rich neighborhoods:
Attracting core and potential transit riders will reinforce the self-selection processes by which people predisposed to transit use purposely choose to live near a transit station.
Support zero-vehicle households:
If residents can live in transit-rich neighborhoods without owning a car they will be more likely to walk and use transit and will also be able to reduce their transportation expenses, leaving more resources available for housing and other necessities.
Reduce the availability of parking:
Although changes to parking requirements and programs will prove controversial in many neighborhoods, policies that reduce the amount or increase the price of parking can reduce driving and increase transit use while making housing more affordable by reducing the costs of providing parking for residents.